Solvent Based Rust Preventives
Corrosion Protection/Rust protection
Corrosion is the damage to metal by reaction with the environment when the conditions are favorable for corrosion like humidity/moisture, heat etc. Metal reacts with environment to form stable compounds which leads to pitting, structural weakness and disintegration.
Rust protection broadly kept in two categories
Permanent protection is done through special treatment to parts or plating with corrosion resistant metals, or coating with paint, lacquer or enamels etc.
(2) Temporary Protection
By definition it is temporary protection for specified time period by applying temporary rust preventives. Many of the metallic parts, components, and finished machines produced by the manufacturing industries may have bare metal surfaces which require to be protected until brought into use, or receive interstage protection prior to further assembly or processing. These metallic parts need to be protected from corrosion during shipping or storage, or they may require some form of protection from corrosion whilst in use.
Rust preventive Oils (RPO) solvent based are mostly petroleum based products and used mainly for temporary rust protection.
Purpose : The purpose of temporary protection to provide protection when exposed to a variety of differing corrosive atmospheres, indoors, outdoors either under cover or fully exposed, in a marine environment, under effects of direct sunlight, perhaps in a radiation flux, in the presence of specific chemical corrosives in an industrial environment etc.
Function: The basic functions of rust preventive oils are broadly cover the following:
Forms a protective barrier layer
Not permanent layer – easy removability
Protection under different environmental conditions.
Compatible with later stage of production stage
Additional functions: lubrication, cleaning, water removal.
Application: The RPO have various application for temporary protection which include the following:
Steel profiles, sections and tubes
Aluminium or other alloy strip and sections
Machined parts and components either as finished items or for later assembly
Tools and machine tools in manufacture, storage and supply
Fasteners such as screws, rivets, bolts, etc
Machinery parts, either finished or for later assembly
Automotive components and sub-components
Electrical parts and assemblies
Construction and off-highway equipment
Metal tanks, valves, and lines
Agricultural parts and machinery
Vehicles or machinery protected in shipment
Assemblies of equipment, moth-balled for long or short periods
Types of rust Preventive Oils – Temporary Protectives
A number of different types of temporary protective are classified in BS1133:1991,Section 6.2, Protection of Metal against Corrosion during Transport and Shipment. Classification of Temporary rust and their Applications are given below:
A. Solvent based fluids: Coatings deposited on surfaces by the evaporation of solvents.
TP 1 a - Deposits a hard film, quick drying
TP 1 b - Deposits a hard film, slow drying
TP 1 c - Deposits a hard film, slow drying– also displaces moisture from wet surfaces
TP 2 a - Deposits a soft film following solvent evaporation
TP 2 b - Deposits a soft film – also displaces moisture from wet surfaces
B. Soft Film, Grease-like, Non-solvent:
These protectives are particularly used for core protection of wire ropes, cables, and chains, where flexing will not result in breakage of the protective film; for these applications the protective also serves as a lubricant.
TP 3 - Petroleum jelly, Vaseline ™ or petrolatum based materials, frequently
applied by hot-dip or by smearing or trowelling onto surfaces
TP 4 a - Mineral oil based greases, usually smeared or trowelled onto surfaces to
give a thick film
TP 4 b - Synthetic or vegetable oil based greases, non-mineral oil, applied by
smearing or trowelling, and applied in those applications where special
compatibility with sealants or adhesives is necessary
TP 5 - Semi-fluid compounds, based on highly viscous oils, usually thixotropic to
control flow, and applied by smearing, or by hot-dip
C. Protective oils, Soft film type, Non-solvent.
The protective coating/rust preventive oils are applied by dip, spray brush or circulation. For larger applications, such as for instance, application of protective oils to metal strip at steel
mills, these fluids are applied by electrostatic spray, and therefore are designed to
achieve the correct electrical characteristics.
TP 6 a - Protective, non-solvent oils, leaving a soft oily film. Applied by spray,
dipping, etc. May be thixotropic.
TP 6 b - Oils for filling into sumps of equipment, engines, gearboxes, compressors,
etc., for protection whilst in storage or shipping
D. Strippable coatings.
These coatings are resin or plastic in consistency, usually of a heavy build, and removable by mechanical stripping, usually by hand. Commonly used for protection of hand tools during storage.
TP 7 - Hot dip, strippable coatings, generally based on hot-melt resins and
plastics, and where the part is dipped into the hot melt
TP 8 - Strippable coatings deposited from a solution of resins in rapidly drying
solvents, spray, brush or dip applied
E. Volatile Corrosion Inhibitors (VCI):
VCI products function by continuously releasing a vapour with powerful anticorrosion properties; on contact with metal the vapour is adsorbed onto the surface creating a film that will protect the metal from corrosion. The film is re-healing and self-replenishing through further vapour release.
CI Oils Oil soluble VCI products
Water Soluble VCI Products
F. Contact Inhibitors
TP 10 - Contact inhibitors, consisting of chemicals to inhibit corrosion when in direct contact with metal surfaces
G. Water Based and Emusifiable Protective, usually mixed with water prior to use, applied by dip, spray or brush, and depositing an oily or waxy film after drying.
TP 11 a Depositing oily film
TP 11 b Depositing wax film
Solvent Based RP
The solvent based RP oils consist of film-forming ingredients dissolved in solvents to give mobile fluids at room temperature, on evaporation of the solvent a tough, abrasion-resistant film, capable of being handled without damage, is obtained. RPO consists of rust inhibitor and carrier. Rust inhibitor provides the chemical, and possibly mechanical protection of the metal parts and carrier ensures the efficient spread over the complete metal surface.
Solvent-based rust preventives form thin rust preventive films with the consistency depending on the inhibitor type. Due to the evaporating solvent the film normally appears much drier than with rust preventive oils. The evaporation speed correlates with the solvent flash point. Solvent based RP Oils are usually low viscosity oils , which together with appropriate additive treatment enables wet surfaces to be dewatered as part of the protective process. The typical characteristics of solvent based rust preventive oils are –
Solvent based fluids are usually applied either from a dip tank, by spray system, or by brushing. Items should not be wrapped or packaged until the film is dry.
Suitable applications of solvent based RP Oils include:
camshafts, chains, crankshafts, cylinder liners,shackle pins, gudgeon pins, circular saws;
larger sizes of: gears, spiral springs, taps and dies, nuts and screws;
plug, ring and gap gauges;
simple hand tools;
exposed sliding surfaces of lathe beds;
steel rod and bar;
light steel sections.
Solvent-based rust preventive oils have special application concerns on the following points:
Flash Point: The solvents used in rust preventive oils are usually light hydrocarbons, kerosene or white spirit fractions. Even lighter and sometimes more combustible solvents tend to be used for those products requiring a faster dry time. Hydrocarbon solvents are highly combustible/inflammable and always have a risk of combustion/fire. The safety hazards is a prime concern and the continuing trend to explore/use a higher flash point solvent to reduce the risk of combustion/fire.
Health Hazards: Use of solvent based protective fluids in confined areas, and contact with the skin, can present health hazards.
Volatile Organic Compounds: The solvents used in these protective fluids can be classed as Volatile Organic Compounds, and may cause photochemical smog. Legislation is in place to control the use of VOC's, and government is actively promoting elimination or reduction.
Removal/ Degreasing: Removal of the softer and lighter films is usually by conventional solvent or water based degreasing fluids. Hard, particularly heavy film coatings are usually removed by solvent based fluids. Sometimes the use of heat and/ or forced air circulation may be is required to speed up the removal process.
Dip Tanks [ Concern - Solvent Evaporation ] - If applied by dip tank, users must be aware that the solvent in the tank system will gradually evaporate away, leaving a richer, more concentrated fluid which will tend to deposit an increasingly heavier coating. Large users should check the additive concentrations regularly, seeking advice from their supplier on any rectification required. Fire Safety measures should be at work place.
Spray Systems – Seal Compatibility and Nozzle Blockage. Check that all parts of the spray are compatible: the drying solvent may affect elastomer seals or coatings. With heavier-build coating system, particularly the hard film materials, check that nozzles remain clear. Nozzles on sprayers that are used only intermittently are best cleaned after use with solvent, or blown through to clear.
Advantages /Disadvantages of Solvent Based RP Oils
Solvent based RP Oils have advantages of better protection in odd climate i.e. salty atmosphere/environment, shorter drying time and suitable for wider application. These oils have disadvantages like less stable film, safety hazard due to low flash point of solvent, difficulty in removing the protective film/cleaning and health hazard on long exposure.
To know more about Velvex range of Premium Rust Preventive Oils for Industrial applications, visit our website - https://www.velvex.in/industrial-lubricants
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